Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular, and there are several types available to consumers. Here are some of the most common ones:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are fully electric and don't use a gasoline engine. Instead, they're powered by a rechargeable battery pack, making them zero-emission vehicles that don't produce harmful tailpipe emissions or air pollution.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) use both a gasoline engine and an electric motor to power the vehicle. During regenerative braking, the HEV captures energy that would typically be lost in traditional gas-powered vehicles and repurposes it to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) also have both a gasoline engine and an electric motor, but they have a larger battery and can recharge from the grid. PHEVs can travel on electric power alone for several dozen miles before the gas engine kicks in. Once the electric range is depleted, the vehicle operates as a traditional hybrid and can run on gasoline.